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SDFB Group ID Group Name Description Start Year Type Start Year End Year Type End Year
1 Henry VII's council learned in the law Henry VII's council learned in the law Circa 1499 In 1509
2 Participants in the Field of Cloth of Gold Participants in the Field of Cloth of Gold In 1520 In 1520
3 Monastic visitors in England and Wales Monastic visitors in England and Wales In 1535 In 1536
4 Participants in the Pilgrimage of Grace Participants in the Pilgrimage of Grace In 1536 In 1537
5 Contributors to the metrical psalter of 1562 Contributors to the metrical psalter of 1562 Circa 1549 In 1562
6 Contributors to A Mirror for Magistrates Contributors to A Mirror for Magistrates In 1553 In 1563
7 Marian martyrs Marian martyrs Circa 1555 Circa 1558
8 Lords of the congregation Lords of the congregation In 1557 In 1560
9 Sea dogs Sea dogs In 1560 In 1603
10 Participants in the vestiarian controversy Participants in the vestiarian controversy Circa 1563 Circa 1570
11 Jesuit missionaries to England Jesuit missionaries to England In 1540 Circa 1700
12 Members of the Dedham conference Members of the Dedham conference In 1582 In 1589
13 Castalian band Castalian band In 1584 In 1603
16 Metaphysical poets Metaphysical poets Circa 1600 Circa 1690
17 Gunpowder plotters Gunpowder plotters In 1603 In 1606
18 Founders of the Virginia Company Founders of the Virginia Company In 1606 In 1624
19 Patrons of the Mermaid tavern Patrons of the Mermaid tavern; a broader category than the separate group, "Fraternity of Sireniacal gentlemen" Circa 1611 Circa 1611
20 Pilgrim Fathers Pilgrim Fathers Circa 1620 Circa 1620
21 Sons of Ben Sons of Ben Circa 1620 Circa 1629
22 Little Gidding community Little Gidding community In 1626 In 1657
23 Cambridge Platonists Cambridge Platonists Circa 1630 Circa 1690
24 Providence Island Company Providence Island Company In 1630 In 1641
26 Cavalier poets Cavalier poets Before or In 1640 After or In 1660
27 Five members Five members In 1641 In 1641
28 Smectymnuus Smectymnuus In 1641 In 1641
29 Westminster assembly Westminster assembly In 1643 In 1652
30 Invisible College Invisible College In 1646 In 1647
31 Putney debaters Putney debaters In 1647 In 1647
32 Kirk party Kirk party In 1648 In 1651
33 Protectoral council Protectoral council In 1653 In 1659
34 Sealed Knot Sealed Knot In 1653 In 1659
35 Major-generals Major-generals In 1655 In 1657
36 Founder members of the Royal Society Founder members of the Royal Society In 1660 In 1663
37 Participants in the Savoy conference Participants in the Savoy conference In 1661 In 1661
38 Participants in the Pentland rising Participants in the Pentland rising In 1666 In 1666
39 Cabal Cabal In 1667 In 1673
40 Green Ribbon Club Green Ribbon Club Circa 1674 Circa 1683
41 Rye House plotters Rye House plotters In 1683 In 1683
42 Immortal seven Immortal seven In 1688 In 1688
43 Nonjuring bishops Nonjuring bishops In 1689 In 1710
44 Society of the Virtuosi of St Luke Society of the Virtuosi of St Luke Circa 1689 In 1743
45 Whig junto Whig junto Circa 1694 Circa 1716
46 Darien investors and colonists Darien investors and colonists In 1695 In 1707
47 Kit-Cat Club Kit-Cat Club In 1696 In 1720
48 Ranters Ranters Circa 1649 Circa 1660
49 Diggers Diggers Circa 1649 Circa 1649
50 Levellers Levellers Circa 1647 After 1649
51 Muggletonians Muggletonians Circa 1651 After 1800
52 Socinians Socinians Circa 1540 After 1800
53 Presbyterians Presbyterians Circa 1560 After 1800
54 Erastians Erastians Circa 1643 Circa 1649
55 Independents Independents Before 1642 After 1660
56 Quakers Quakers Circa 1650 After 1800
57 Catholics Catholics Before 1400 After 1800
58 Puritans Puritans Circa 1532 After 1700
59 Royalists Royalists Circa 1641 Circa 1678
60 Parliamentarians supporters of Parliament during the English Civil Wars Before or In 1641 Circa 1678
61 Whigs Whigs Circa 1678 After 1800
62 Tories Tories Circa 1678 After 1800
63 Great Tew Circle group of scholars who studied at the home of Lucius Cary, Viscount Falkland, in Great Tew, Oxfordshire In 1633 In 1639
64 Hartlib Circle Hartlib Circle Circa 1630 Circa 1660
65 Royal Society society for the encouragement of philosophical studies In 1662 After 1800
66 King's Men Acting Company patented 19 May 1603 (formerly the Lord Chamberlain's Men) In 1603 Circa 1642
67 Lord Admiral's Men theatrical company established by Charles Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham In 1594 In 1625
68 Lord Chamberlain's Men theatrical company established by Henry Carey, Baron Hunsdon In 1594 In 1642
70 East India Company East India Company In 1600 After 1800
71 Merchant Taylors Company Merchant Taylors Company Before 1400 After 1800
72 Stationers Company Stationers Company In 1403 After 1800
73 Muscovy Company Muscovy Company In 1555 After 1800
74 Somers Island Company Somers Island Company In 1615 In 1684
75 Royal Africa Company Royal Africa Company In 1660 In 1752
76 Signatories of the Death Warrant of Charles I 59 signatories of Charles' death warrant; a subset of the Group 'Regicides' In 1649 In 1649
77 Regicides those involved in the death of Charles I; a broader class than the more specific group, 'Signatories of the death warrant of Charles I' In 1649 In 1649
78 Epic Poets Those who wrote epic poems Before 1500 After 1800
79 Dissenters Religious dissenters from the Church of England Before or In 1550 After 1800
80 Mathematicians People associated with the mathematics or self-identifying as mathematicians and lovers of mathematics Before 1400 After 1800
81 Virginia Company a joint stock company chartered to establish colonies in North America In 1606 In 1624
83 Queen Anne's Men A theatrical troupe formerly known as Worcester's Men In 1603 In 1619
86 Company of Mineral and Battery Works Joint stock corporation dedicated primarily to the brass and iron trades Before or In 1568 After or In 1700
88 Civil Lawyers Students, Professors, and Practitioners of Roman Law. Also known as "Civilians." Before 1400 After 1800
89 Alchemists People interested in alchemy Circa 1500 Circa 1700
90 English Diplomats Individuals "warranted by [their] sovereign to represent, officially, the English government to a foreign power or interest, located outside of English territorial boundaries" (Bell, Handlist, 3) In 1500 In 1700
92 Republicans Those holding "a faith in the power of institutions to circumscribe the authority of the monarch, allied to a belief that such institutions - Parliament, the law courts, local and national government - had the means to make individuals more virtuous and so better able to govern." (Andrew Hadfield, "Republicanism in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Britain") Circa 1500 Circa 1700
93 Jesuits member of the Society of Jesus Circa 1500 Circa 1700
95 Fraternity of Sireniacal Gentlemen A drinking society of some of the Elizabethan era's leading literary figures. They met on the first Friday of every month at the Mermaid, Three Cranes, or Mitre taverns in London. Circa 1603 After 1611
96 Huguenots In the years leading up to and particularly after the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685), many French Protestants moved to London, particularly in the West End and Spitalfields area. Circa 1685 Circa 1700
97 St Pauls School London Teachers and pupils of St Pauls School London In 1509 Circa 1700
98 The King's Musik Members of the British Monarch's Music, musicians employed at the English Court. (Members of court chapels were organized separately, though some members of the King's Musik were also chapel members.) Before 1469 After 1901
99 Privy Councillors Members of formal body of advisors to the sovereign Circa 1500 Circa 1700
100 Members of the Royal Household Members of the Royal Household Circa 1500 Circa 1700
101 Dublin Philosophical Society A society "agreeable to the design of the Royal Society in London" which grew out of a group headed by William Molyneux who were collecting materials for the projected Pitt atlas of the British Isles. Formed in January 1684, hiatus 1688, revived 1694 with meetings ceasing by 1698. The Society was refounded by Samuel Molyneux in 1707, but lasted for only one year. In 1684 In 1708
102 Eton College one-time students of Eton College Circa 1500 Circa 1700
103 Elizabethan Playwrights Elizabethan playwrights In 1558 In 1603
104 Midwives Named midwives Circa 1500 Circa 1700
105 Sidney Circle Family members or close acquaintances of the extended Sidney circle Circa 1580 After 1640
106 Earl of Essex's army The parliamentarian army commanded by the third Earl of Essex in the first English Civil War In 1642 In 1645
108 Trustees of Blackfriars Playhouse Legal trustees of the (Second) Blackfriars Theatre Circa 1596 In 1655
109 Recipe Contributors for Sir Kenelm Digby's Closet Opened Named contributors of recipes to the cookbook Sir Kenelm Digby's Closet Opened 1669. Before 1669 In 1669
111 Calvinists A major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin Circa 1519 After 1700
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